CANADIAN BAND ASSOCIATION
“To promote and develop the musical, educational and cultural values of band and band music in Canada”
L’ASSOCIATION CANADIENNE DES HARMONIES
“Pour promouvoir et developper les valeurs musicales, educatives et culturelles des orchestres d’harmonies du Canada”
The CBA’s 75th Anniversary
written by Ken Epp for Canadian Winds – September 2006
It’s been given up for dead more than once—and been put on life support a few times—but today, 75 years after its founding, the Canadian Band Association (CBA) is alive and doing well.
With a growing list of programs and services and programs to more than 1,500 members and 100,000 musicians, it’s hard to believe that there was a time when the CBA’s very survival was in doubt. But on at least two occasions the association was almost given up for dead, and all but one chapter has withdrawn its membership or ceased to exist at one time or another.
Yet the CBA has persevered and prospered—a testament to the hard work and hopes of so many key people who have prodded and pushed the organization to succeed.
The concept of the Canadian Band Association dates back to 1918 when Captain John Slatter proposed the formation of an association of Canadian bandmasters. Three years later Andrew "Al" Robertson and several Toronto businessmen arranged for the Canadian National Exhibition to offer cash prizes for a band contest. In 1924 competing bandsmen at the CNE formed the Ontario Amateur Band Association (OABA), electing Charles Thiele as president.
On September 1, 1931, 35 bandmasters gathered at the CNE to form the Canadian Bandmasters Association and elect Slatter as President. Since their membership base was primarily in Ontario and Quebec, the new group focused on activities in those provinces. In 1937 the CBA successfully amended the Municipal Act of Ontario so that any community could vote to provide permanent support for their local band—something done by about 50 communities.
However interest in the association faded, and in 1942, 18 remaining members met to consider surrendering the charter. Thiele and T. E. Jackson encouraged the organization to carry on. Jackson was elected as President and Robertson was appointed Secretary/Treasurer.
In 1948 the CBA absorbed the OABA and the CNE band contest became a CBA project.
There was a flurry of activity in 1954, beginning with an application for chapter status from Alberta. Over the next four years bandmasters from other provinces applied to join and, by 1958, the CBA had coast-to-coast representation. A national council was formed as a parent body with E. Von Ayres elected the first National President.
British Columbia - Lt. S. E. F. Sunderland, Esquimalt
Alberta - F/Lt. Carl Friberg, Edmonton
Saskatchewan - J. Norman Lehman, North Battleford
Manitoba - C. P. O. Thos. I. Tucker, Winnipeg
Ontario/Quebec - Paul Pratt, Longueil, QC
Maritimes - Lt. K. A. Elloway, Halifax
* Ontario and Quebec became separate chapters in 1963
In the years that followed school band programs were introduced. Since there was little formal training available for teachers, the CBA responded by introducing its own Course of Instruction. Courses and examinations were developed and diplomas of L.C.B.A. (Licentiate) and F.C.B.A. (Fellowship) were granted.
The death of Al Robertson in February, 1967 was hard on the CBA. As editor of the The Canadian Bandmaster and Secretary/Treasurer for 25 years, he was the face of the association to many members. That summer’s edition of The Canadian Bandmaster was almost entirely dedicated to Robertson’s memory, and included a testimonial from each chapter.
Robertson’s passing, illness among several chapter leaders, and the growth of school based band proved challenging for the CBA. The publication ceased and, within two years, Nova Scotia reported it had separated from the Maritime chapter, and B.C. and Manitoba reported their chapters to be inoperative.
In 1969, partly in an effort to connect with school teachers, the CBA changed its name to the Canadian Band Directors Association and briefly affiliated with the Canadian Music Educators Association. The effort to attract teachers wasn’t successful; by 1971 both Saskatchewan and Nova Scotia were inactive, no meetings were being held by the Maritime chapter and Quebec had relinquished its charter. Only Alberta and Ontario remained.
There was little CBDA activity in the early 1970s, although it appears that Keith Mann was working to rekindle interest in the national association. By 1975 British Columbia was talking of reconstituting its chapter, and there was interest in Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan. The following year representatives from B.C. and Manitoba received a travel subsidy to attend a national meeting.
This renewed interest led to discussion of a national syllabus and a National Youth Band and, in 1976, Mann released the first Canadian Band Journal. It was printed as a high school project. The next year Manitoba became the first province to rejoin the CBDA.
Yet more challenges lay ahead. Two years after the first National Youth Band was held at the 1978 CBDA Conference in Toronto, Ontario reported that its Treasurer had taken out a personal loan to cover the chapter's debt. To make matters worse, the CNE discontinued its band contest in 1981. Organizing this event had long been a source of pride for the association, and for 15 years the contest had contributed 7 percent of the prize money to the CBDA. Ontario was on the verge of surrendering its charter.
British Columbia - joins in 1956, inactive in 1969, rejoins in 1999
Alberta – joins in 1954, withdraws in 2000, rejoins in 2002
Saskatchewan – joins in 1957, inactive in 1971, rejoins in 1983
Manitoba – joins in 1957, inactive in 1969, rejoins in 1977
Ontario – joint chapter status with Quebec begins in 1956, separates from Quebec in 1963, a second Ontario chapter joins in 2004
Quebec – joint chapter status with Ontario begins in 1956, separates from Ontario in 1963, relinquishes chapter status in 1971, rejoins in 1986, a second Quebec chapter joins in 2004
New Brunswick – joins as part of Maritime chapter in 1957, inactive in 1971, rejoins as part of Maritime chapter in 1986, forms provincial chapter in 1991
Prince Edward Island – joins as part of Maritime chapter in 1957, inactive in 1971, rejoins as part of Maritime chapter in 1986, connects through Nova Scotia chapter beginning in 1991
Nova Scotia– joins as part of Maritime chapter in 1957, inactive in 1971, rejoins as part of Maritime chapter in 1986, forms provincial chapter in 1991
Newfoundland/Labrador – joins in 1995, inactive in 2003
At the 1982 annual general meeting, held at the Midwest Band Clinic in Chicago, the discussion focused on the CBDA's future. Although some feared the association wouldn’t survive, the lengthy meeting resulted in a new constitution, the election of an Executive representing the three member provinces, and the appointment of cabinet designates from the five non-member provinces.
Soon after the Chicago meeting Saskatchewan rejoined the association and, by late 1984, CBDA had established ties with the Federation des Harmonies du Quebec, begun discussions with the Canadian Stage Band Festival regarding a National Concert Band Festival, and hired Guy Mallabone as part time Managing Director.
In 1986, under the leadership of President Larry Pearen, the CBDA changed its name to the Canadian Band Association. Soon after, the Federation des Harmonies du Quebec and Maritime Band Association were accepted as chapters. A sponsorship agreement with Air Canada followed and Saskatchewan's Band Week project was adopted as a national celebration in 1987.
As the 1980s came to a close, several chapters secured government funding, while a new focus on school band led to a surge in membership. A chapter was resurrected in British Columbia and discussion turned to reviving the National Youth Band and establishing a chapter in Newfoundland/Labrador.
The first NYB in 13 years performed at the 1991 CMEA conference in Vancouver. (For a more complete history of the NYB see Jim Forde's chronicle in CW 3.1) Later that year the CBA's first Directory was printed and the Maritime Band Association was dissolved to allow Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to pursue funding as separate provincial associations. As well, PEI became part of the NSBA.
By 1994 the NYB had found a home at MusicFest and, in 1995, the birth of a CBA chapter in Newfoundland & Labrador connected every province to the national association.
As the new millennium approached, the CBA sought to secure its long-term stability by introducing a new dues formula, approving a chapter travel subsidy for the semi-annual national meetings, and creating a Long Term Plan.
In May, 2001 Keith Mann passed away. Mann had been a pillar on the Canadian band scene and among many other things, served as editor of the Canadian Band Journal for 25 years. When the CBA had been unable to sustain the journal financially, Mann insured continued publication and sent a copy to every CBA member. His passing was mourned by the band community from coast to coast.
Recognizing the importance of a national journal, Don Harris put in place the groundwork for a new publication. Tim Maloney and Denise Grant were invited to serve as co-editors and, in 2002, the first issue of Canadian Winds was dedicated to the memory of Robertson and Mann.
Later that year the Newfoundland/Labrador chapter ceased operation, but Alberta rejoined the CBA after a two year absence.
In 2003 the CBA adopted a National Voluntary Curriculum and Standards for Instrumental Music (Band). Chapter dues were increased to re-establish a part time Executive Director position and ensure the long-term survival of Canadian Winds and the National Youth Band.
The following year the Quebec Band Association and Ontario Band Association joined the CBA. Although both provinces were already represented on the board, the support of existing chapters in those provinces enabled the QBA and OBA to be included in the national association.
Today the CBA's strength lies with its chapters and the 100-plus programs and services the provinces offer. Semi-annual meetings provide an opportunity to share information about these activities, and it is not uncommon to see projects replicated in other chapters.
The dedication of numerous volunteers has enabled the CBA to face and surmount many challenges. Today the association, with its expanding roster of national programs and services, is well positioned to meet the challenges of the next 75 years.
• Awards program
• Canadian Winds
• Concert Band Festival Repertoire List.
• Monthly member Enews
• National Youth Band
• National Voluntary Curriculum and Standards for Instrumental Music (Band)
• Online theory project (in production)
Ken Epp has been a member of the CBA Board of Directors since 1985. He has served as Secretary (1994-97), Treasurer (1998– 03), and Executive Director since 2004. A former band director (1977-1988), he has served as the Manitoba Band Association’s Executive Director for the past 24 years. He was selected as CBA National Band Award recipient in 2006.
compiled by Ken Epp
1918 - Captain John Slatter suggests a Canadian association of bandmasters be formed.
1921 - Al Robertson and several Toronto businessmen arrange for the Canadian National Exhibition to offer cash prizes for a band contest.
1924 - Competing bandsmen meet at CNE festival to form Ontario Amateur Band Association. Charles Thiele elected president.
1931 Sep 1 - Following the CNE Band festival, 35 bandmasters gather to form the Canadian Bandmasters Association. Slatter elected President.
1933 - Formal application made for a national charter.
1934 Apr 20 - Letters Patent received from Ottawa.
1937 - CBA successfully amends Municipal Act of Ontario making it possible for any community to vote on permanent support for the local band. About 50 communities use the Ontario Band Tax Law to support local bands.
1942 - Eighteen members meet to consider surrendering charter as interest in CBA fades. Thiele and T. E. Jackson encourage organization to carry on. Jackson elected as President. Robertson appointed Secretary.
1948 - CBA absorbs OABA and authorizes a committee to run CNE band contest.
1954 Oct 16 - Alberta applies for chapter status.
1955 Apr/May - Jean Bach of Quebec advises Ontario that the Amateur Bands Association of Quebec will send a delegation to all CBA conventions and gatherings.
Aug 13 - Ontario/Quebec request joint chapter status.
1956 Oct 10-12 - Ontario/Quebec combine as second CBA chapter.
Oct 27 - Dominion Council renamed National Council.
Dec 27 - BC meets to form chapter.
1957 Jan 25 - Manitoba meets to form chapter.
Feb 3 - Saskatchewan meets to form chapter. Quebec requests their own chapter and Ont/Quebec chapter is dissolved.
Oct 5 - Bandmasters meet in Amherst to discuss formation of Maritime chapter.
1958 - CBA bank account split equally between National and Ontario/Quebec chapter.
1963 Jun 29 - Quebec formally requests chapter status.
1964 - National Convention discusses the possibility of a National Youth Band.
1965 Jul 16 - Agreed that after 1965, conferences will be held bi-annually.
1966 - Manitoba reports it is inoperative.
1967 Feb - CBA newsletter editor, Robertson passes away and after a memorial issue, newsletter is discontinued.
1968 Nov 11 - CBA changes its name to the Canadian Band Directors Association. CBDA affiliates with the Canadian Music Educators Association.
1969 Aug 25 - BC reports it is inoperative. Nova Scotia requests and is granted permission to create chapter separate from Maritime chapter.
1970 - Alberta expresses concern about lack of communication with National.
1971 Nov 11 - CBA and CMEA cease their affiliation. Nova Scotia reports to be inactive. No meetings being held in NB or PEI. Quebec has relinquished charter. Saskatchewan apparently inactive. Alberta and Ontario remain active and after much discussion it was agreed that the National Council continue.
1972 - Alberta votes to remain connected with National.
1974 - Ontario and Alberta begin exchange of newsletters. Keith Mann reports BC chapter may soon be established.
1975 - Bob Brown to reconstitute BC chapter. Alberta to refund $5 per BC resident who is an ABA member. Keith Mann reports on CBDA interest in PEI, SK and BC. Cost to attend national meetings are paid by CBDA (1/2), chapter (1/4), individual (1/4)
1976 Jan 16 - Martin Boundy suggests a NYB be formed for '78 convention. National syllabus to be created. MB & BC travel costs are reimbursed. Keith Mann to edit a national newsletter.
Sep - Mann publishes first Canadian Band Journal.
Nov 4 - Mann reports that Manitoba wishes to initiate a chapter. East Kootenay applies as CBDA chapter.
1977 Feb - Manitoba forms new chapter.
1978 Aug 19-22 - Ontario oversees creation of first NYB for CBDA national conference.
1979 Dec 15 - Harry Pinchin, Dennis Orr, Vondis Miller and Duke Pier meet to set time line and contract a 1980 NYB director.
1980 - Alberta unable to access provincial 75th anniversary funds for 1980 NYB. Ontario is in debt and considers surrendering charter. ABA hosts national convention in Calgary. National Executive reactivates constitution and sets up a Trust Deed and Declaration for NYB.
1981 Aug 30 - CBDA discontinues operation of CNE contest.
1982 Nov 5 - Saskatchewan begins to form a chapter, Manitoba has a charter. Discussion of whether the Alberta chapter can provide enough delegates to form a quorum at upcoming CBDA meeting in Chicago. Suggestion to move CBDA head office to Calgary.
Dec 15 - New constitution ratified after 6 hours of discussion.
1983 Nov - Ontario chapter has 150 members and Saskatchewan holds first conference in Regina on September 24.
1984 Feb - CMEA approached about NYB performing at national conference in London in spring 1985.
Oct 26 - National meeting in Red Deer draws representation from each western province.
Dec 12-15 - It is agreed to develop a National Concert Band Festival with the Canadian Stage Band Festival, strengthen ties with the Federation des Harmonies du Quebec, and hire Guy Mallabone as part time CBDA Managing Director.
1985 Dec 19-20 - CBDA enters into gentleman's agreement with the Canadian Music Festivals Association (formerly CSBF). Participating bands must be members of CBDA or affiliate chapter.
1986 May 8 - Name change to Canadian Band Association is approved in letters patent.
Oct 23-24 - Under the leadership of CBA President Leary Pearen, and following visits to their provincial conferences, the Federation des Harmonies and Maritime Band Association join the CBA.
Dec 18-19 - MusicFest asks CBA to be involved with selection of concert band syllabus. Each chapter to submit additions and deletions to CBA President and MusicFest Concert Band Festival chairperson, Keith Mann.
- CBA Journals distributed to prospective BC members.
1987 May 30-31 - Plans made for Canadian Band Week project in fall.
Dec 17-18 - CBA agrees to leave membership dues at $10 (25% of provincial fee).
1988 Nov 11-12 - Keith Mann contracted as Publications Officer for the Directory & Journal. CBA meets with a facilitator to develop a Long Term Plan.
1989 Dec 15-16 - BC rejoins CBA and there is discussion about a new chapter in Newfoundland. Discussion begins to revive the National Youth Band.
1990 Jun 9-10 - Discussion with Joan Therens regarding CBA's involvement in the '91 CMEA convention in BC. Frank Dunnigan presents a proposal for a 1991 National Youth Band. The 52-member band would be for 16-18 year olds and cost $700 per student.
Dec 21-22 - National Music Award renamed National Band Award.
1991 Jan - MusicFest prints CBA Directory.
May - First NYB since 1978 held in conjunction with CMEA conference. CBA sponsors sessions at the conference.
Nov 2 - Maritime Band Association becomes umbrella group for associations in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and PEI.
Dec 21-22 - CBA President (or designate) becomes CMEA liaison. CBA prints 20,000 Instrument Care Brochures.
1992 May 26 - MusicFest invites National Youth Band to play at festival.
Dec 18-19 - Manitoba membership survey is the basis for a review of CBA focus.
- Distinguished Student Musicianship Certificate introduced.
1993 Apr - 1993 NYB in Quebec cancelled due to lack of registration.
Jun 12-13 - Plan for NYB to be held in conjunction with MusicFest.
Sep 30 - United Musical Instruments agrees to print Directory. MusicFest Canada continues to prepare Directory database.
1994 May - NYB featured at MusicFest in Toronto.
1995 Jun 3-4 - Long Term Plan developed. CBA subsidizes Doug Vaughan's meeting expenses to assist with the development of a new chapter in Newfoundland.
1997 Dec 19-20 - New dues formula approved;
1998 Jun 5-6 - Subsidy travel plan introduced to cover 50% of chapter rep's airfare.
Nov 27-28 - CBA considers invitation for NYB to play at ISME 2000 conference in Edmonton. Declines as it would be too difficult to form a band in summer.
1999 Jun 4-5 - Tim Linsley appointed to produce Directory. CBA purchases a liability insurance policy and makes it available to chapters.
Oct 29 - ABA withdraws from CBA noting provincial finances and lack of support for Alberta proposals.
2000 Jun 1-2 - CBA considers a SBA initiative for a National Administrative Guidelines document for instrumental music programs. CBA creates a website. CBA provides honourarium for NYB Manager.
Dec 1-2 - UMI requests that Directory be printed every second year.
2001 May - Keith Mann passes away - Canadian Band Journal ceases.
Jun 1-2 - Chapters invited to bid to host NYB. Newfoundland/Labrador Band Association (NLBA) reported in difficulty. Mark Friesen and Steve Sherman (Alberta) attend CBA meeting as guests.
Oct - Alberta rejoins CBA.
Nov 30-1 - CBA archival material sent to National Library of Canada. CBA considers Don Harris and Denise Grant's proposal for a CBA national journal.
2002 May 31-1 - Jim Forde reports on effort to keep NLBA alive. CBA allocates $3,000 as seed money for Canadian Winds. Denise Grant and Tim Maloney named as co-editors. Richard Soren hired to handle production.
Oct - First issue of Canadian Winds.
Nov 10-11 - Connie Turner leads development of CBA Festival Repertoire List.
2003 Oct - Denise Grant resigns as CW co-editor. Daniel Doyon and Fraser Linklater appointed as assistant editors.
Nov 28-29 - Chapters approve 80% increase in dues to support CW and hire an Executive Director. Tim Linsley hired as Publications Manager (CW and Directory). Ken Epp contracted for ad sales.
- CBA adopts National Voluntary Curriculum and Standards for Instrumental Music (Band); A Creative Project; and Technical Standards for Percussion.
2004 Jan 1 - Ken Epp contracted as part time CBA Executive Director.
Jan 12 - First issue of CBA monthly enews.
May 7-8 - CBA accepts membership application from the Quebec Band Association and Ontario Band Association. CBA approves dues of $12/person to be based on number of CW mailing labels from each chapter.
Dec 3-4 - Travel subsidy increases funding for chapters to attend meetings. Donation program launched for on-line theory program. Board approves updated Repertoire List developed by Jacquie Dawson and a national committee.
2005 May 13-14 - Donations for on-line theory project reaches $10,000 goal.
2006 October - CBA celebrates 75th anniversary.
Nov 23-25 - CBA initiates a meeting with CMEA in Winnipeg to discuss cooperative projects. Adrian Bourgeois replaces Elizabeth Sayrs as on-line theory program production manager.
2007 Sep - CBA introduces Level 1 of on-line theory program and 40 schools pilot a Teacher’s Kit.
2008 June 1 - CBA offers Teacher’s Kit subscriptions for Level 1 & 2 of the on-line theory course.
Dec 5 - chapters approve increased dues of $15/person effective 2009.
2010 September - Tricia Howe introduces Canadian Repertoire Feature introduced
2011 January - Jason Caslor chairs first Canadian Composition Competition
November - On-line theory Teacher’s Kit is discontinued.
2013 January - CBA approves new constitution and by-laws to comply with new Industry Canada continuance regulations
February - FHOSQ indicates that their funding uncertainty will necessitate their withdrawal from the CBA for 2013.
August - Industry Canada accepts CBA continuance submission
1931 Sep 1 Toronto
1 1932 Dec 27 Toronto
2 1933 Jul 9 Waterloo
3 1934 Aug 31 - Sep 1 Toronto
4 1935 Oct 26 Montreal
5 1936 Jul 22-24 Chatham
6 1937 Jul 23-24 Owen Sound
7 1938 Jul 9-11 Sarnia
8 1939 Sep 1-2 Toronto
9 1940 ?
10 1941 ?
11 1942 ?
12 1943 Jul 16-17 Chatham
13 1944 Jul 14-16 Stradford
14 1945 Sep 14-16 Belleville
15 1946 Sep 6-8 Waterloo
16 1947 ?
17 1948 Aug 13-15 London
18 1949 Aug 5-7 Peterborough
19 1950 ?
20 1951 Aug 10-12 Midland
21 1952 Jul 25-27 Wallaceberg
22 1953 Aug 14-16 Owen Sound
23 1954 Jul 30-1 Barrie
24 1955 Aug 12-14 London
25 1956 Aug 10-12 Midland
26 1957 Jul 26-28 Gravenhurst
27 1958 ?
28 1959 Jul 17-19 Banff
29 1960 Jul 15-17 Oshawa
30 1961 Jul 8-10 Halifax
31 1962 Jul 6-8 London
32 1963 Jun 28-30 Moose Jaw
33 1964 Jul 17-19 Orillia
34 1965 Jul 16-18 Quebec
35 1966 Apr Waterloo
36 1967 Jul 7-9 Moose Jaw
37 1968 Nov 10/11 Toronto
38 1969 Aug 25 Toronto
39 1970 ?
40 1971 Nov 11-13 Banff
41 1972 ?
42 1973 ?
43 1974 ?
44 1975 ? Ontario
45 1976 Jan 16 London Nov 4-6 Edmonton
46 1977 ?
47 1978 Aug 19-22 Toronto
48 1979 ?
49 1980 Nov 19-22 Calgary
50 1981 ?
51 1982 Dec 15 Chicago
52 1983 Dec Chicago
53 1984 Oct 26 Red Deer Dec 12-15 Chicago
54 1985 Dec 19-20 Chicago
55 1986 Oct 23 Calgary Dec 18-19 Chicago
56 1987 May 30-31 Saskatoon Dec 17-18 Chicago
57 1988 Nov 11-12 Toronto
58 1989 June 2-3 Montreal Dec 15-16 Chicago
59 1990 June 8-9 - Regina & Oct 26-27 - Dartmouth Dec 21-22 Chicago
60 1991 May 10-11 Vancouver Dec 21-22 Chicago
61 1992 June 12-14 Toronto Dec 18-19 Chicago
62 1993 June 11-13 Toronto Dec 3-4 Edmonton
63 1994 June 10-11 Montreal Dec 2-3 Regina
64 1995 June 3-4 Halifax Dec 2-3 Toronto
65 1996 May 31- June 1 Vancouver Dec 20-21 Chicago
66 1997 June 6-7 Edmonton Dec 19-20 Chicago
67 1998 June 5-6 Winnipeg Nov 27-28 Fredricton
68 1999 June 4-5 Saskatoon Nov 26-27 Montreal
69 2000 June 1-2 Halifax Dec 1-2 Toronto
70 2001 June 1-2 Vancouver Nov 30 - Dec 1 Hull
71 2002 May 31 - June 1 Moncton Nov 10-11 Winnipeg
72 2003 May 30-31 Edmonton Nov 28-29 Toronto
73 2004 May 7-8 Halifax Dec 3-4 Montreal
74 2005 May 13-14 Regina Dec 2-3 Vancouver
75 2006 May 12-13 Edmonton Nov 23 & 25 Winnipeg
76 2007 May 4-5 Halifax Nov 30 – Dec 1 Montreal
77 2008 May 9-10 Toronto Dec 5-6 Edmonton
78 2009 May 15-16 Saskatoon Nov 27-28 Toronto
79 2010 May 14-15 Vancouver Nov 26-27 Halifax
80 2011 May 13-14 Montreal Nov 25-26 Toronto
81 2012 May 11-12 Winnipeg Nov 23-24 Saskatoon
82 2013 May 3-4 Halifax Nov 22-23 Toronto